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Learning Disabilities Peter Senge

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Learning Disabilities

This semester we have spent the majority of our time learning about and

discussing how we can best assist exceptional students. Many of these

students are individuals with learning dissabilities. Although it would be

difficult for every teacher to understand the distinctions, symptoms,

weaknesses and strengths of every disability, it can be very helpful to have

a general knowledge of the disabilities that may hinder a students ability to

learn. Unlike other disabilities like paralysis and blindness, a learning

disability (LD) is a hidden handicap. A learning disability does not

disfigure or leave visible signs that would invite others to be understanding

or offer support (Council for Exceptional Children (CEC),1999). Therefore as

teachers it will be our responsibility to provide that understanding and

support for those children already diagnosed and also be alert to the warning

signs that may be symptoms of a previously undetected disability.

Types of Learning Disabilities

There are many types of learning disabilities that can hinder a child's scholastic performance. These include: dyscalculia; dysgraphia; dysphasia; auditory, memory, and processing disability; and dyslexia.

Dyslexia is when a person has difficulty translating language to thought or thought to language. This person would have problems with expressive and/or receptive oral and written language; you would see trouble with reading, spelling, writing, speaking, listening, and mathematics.

If someone was trouble with arithmetic or solving problems, you might suspect they have dyscalculia. A person with this disability has much difficulty solving basic math problems.

A writing disorder called dysgraphia causes a person to have difficulty forming letters or writing in a defined space. Most of the time their handwriting is illegible.

Dyspraxia interferes with a person's ability to make controlled and/or coordinated physical reaction to a situation; their reactions may be inappropriate to the situation.

meaning

in society today. Many people have different attitude toward disabled

people. There are certain stereotypes that many people in society

often link with disabled people. These are a few of those stereotypes:

aggressive, tragic and in need of pity and receivers

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