Singapore Pestle Analysis
The political power is extremely centralized in the government and it is a bureaucratic country. Although the elections are being held often, the offices are mostly assigned instead of elected. The government put efforts in communicating the decisions and policies to the public instead of gathering their opinion. The reason of that is after the “Depoliticize” the power structure in 1965, the government is convinced by a concept that a city state without natural resources, if keeping the political centralized and narrow, the economic and political stability are maintained. The People’s Action Party dominated the Singaporean politics since the independence from leaving the Federal of Malaysia in 1965. Singapore is classed as a “Hybrid” country by the Economist intelligent unit because Singaporean politics is a mixture of bureaucracy and democracy. Also Freedom House rank Singapore as “partly free”. Western democracies considered the Singaporean government is closer to bureaucratic instead of democratic or illiberal and procedural democratic. Some people considered Singaporean government to be social democratic that listens to the opinions and feedback on policies and lawmaking process instead of purely according to the will of government. However some of the policies consist of socialism, for example; the free education and government owned public housing. These policies help the dominance government controlled the local economics and majority of real-estate. However, Singapore is famous for its anti- corruption policies which also are an attraction to foreign investment. Singapore is ranked the least corruption country in Asia and the cleanest country in the world by the Transparent International. The World Bank’s governance indicators also ranked Singapore highly rule on laws, control of corruption and government effectiveness, however the political openness and human rights are lacking.
Also there were huge questions and responses about the salaries of Prime Minister in Singapore. The Prime Minister received a rise in salaries of 60% which equals to $400,000 US Dollars higher than the United States’ President. The response from government defined this is the tool of preventing the corruption and governing efficiency to ensure Singaporean image as a world-class government.
The Singaporean government is being actively involved in economy activities. Also the government has monopolized or semi-monopolized certain industries like: real estate which makes the power of government affect the profitability.
Although the economy is growing rapidly and increase of opportunities of: trade, citizen education level is increased and the society is more complex and the policies so governing of PAP (People Action Party) is being questioned. The prediction of Singapore Politic will be the openness of politics should increase to the public. Because of the illiberal democratic affects the country image and the goodwill of the people and because of the mature economic and slow down of growth which is an impact on the trust worth of the government.
Singaporean Economy is one of the best performers. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) has been constantly increasing since Singapore became independent. GDP in market Price of Singapore in 2007 was $161,348.8 million (US Dollars) and a growth of 7.5% after a growth of 7.9% in 2006. Also Singapore is ranked the 8th most expensive country by the Global Property Guide. As a city-country, Singapore is focusing on its economic development. Singapore has a well developed and successful free-market economy. The economy highly depends on exports, especially electronics and information technology products. However the global recession in 2001-2003 had huge impacts on the technology sector, another incident of SARS in 2003 has affected the economy of Singapore. However the internal flexibility led to the real GDP growth of 7% in average annually during 2004-2007. The government is trying to boost the share of market in global demand of information technology products. Government is attracting investments in high technological industries, such as: pharmaceuticals and medical technology production.
However, Singapore’s inflation in 2007 was 3.6% and a forecast of 5% in 2008 which is the highest in 16 years and it has a huge impact on costs of food, energy and transportation and the CPI (Consumer Price Index) has been increased accordingly. One of the reasons was the increase of sales taxes from 2% to 7% in July 2007.
The forecast of Singapore growth in GDP 2008 was cut down to 4%-6% because of the risks in recession due to the slowdown in United States, mainly because of the real estate crisis and the stock market. Also the evidences show the slow down of outputs from
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