Oedipus was king of Thebes, he was hated and infamous. He lost the throne to Creon by tearing out his own eyes and killed himself. His two sons Eteocles and Polyneices fought each other for the kingship but ended up killing each other. Creon was hailed king of Thebes.
Antigone and Ismene were sisters to Eteocles and polyneices. Creon favored Eteocles and he perceived him as the cities champion and ordered that Eteocles could be buried in a grave with every rite of sanctity given to him as a hero. Polyneices was rejected by Creon because he felt that Polyneices would have led them to slavery so he proclaimed that he not be given a burial but rather watch him get chewed up by birds and dogs because he was a wicked person.
Antigone felt that despite the law of the land which prohibited a proper burial for her brother she would rather be a religious criminal by giving her deceased brother a decent burial and face the consequences. Antigone, troubled by her inner conscience asked if her sister Ismene would join her in burying their brother Polyneices but Ismene did not want to dishonor or act in defiance of the citizenry so she rejected. She knew the