- Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes

Bill Gates and Microsoft

By:   •  Essay  •  1,676 Words  •  February 11, 2010  •  848 Views

Page 1 of 7

Join now to read essay Bill Gates and Microsoft

Bill Gates and Microsoft

“Microsoft was founded based on my vision of a personal computer on every desk and in every home, all running Microsoft software,” Bill Gates once remarked (Stevenson). Everyone has their own dream but this was Bill Gates dream when he first co-founded Microsoft. This dream came to haunt him 12 years later when he was caught. Microsoft was charged with using its power to eliminate its competitor in the Web-browser market in the mid-90s (Stevenson). Bill Gates’ dreams and passions lead him to try to monopolize the computer industry using Microsoft and the antitrust lawsuit that followed.

The early life of Gates got him interested in computers. Bill Gates was the son of William Henry Gates III and Mary Maxwell. Gates came from a wealthy family of considerable social standing. Gates attended public school until his parents enrolled him in the exclusive Lakeside preparatory school at the age of 12 (“Bill Gates”). While attending this school he got interested in computers. The first computer that Gates used was at this school. The computer was a room-sized machine (Stevenson). Gates and his friends would neglect their studies to spend more time exploring the computer (“Bill Gates”). They were all eventually banned from the school’s computer room until they formed the Lakeside Programmers Group in 1968 (Stevenson). When Gates was 17-years-old, he wrote his first program. This program was a timetabling system for the school and he earned $4,200 from it (“Bill Gates”). After high school

Gates went to Harvard to become a lawyer to follow in his father footstep. At least that was what his parents wanted (Stevenson). While at Harvard, Gates and his friend Paul Allen wrote the first computer language program written for a personal computer (“Bill Gates”). They also wrote scheduling programs for their school and as well as program that analyzed traffic data (Stevenson).

Microsoft was founded base on a dream that Gates had. Gates dropped out of Harvard just to pursue his dream (Stevenson). Gates and his friend Allen co-founded Microsoft a year after they dropped out of Harvard, when they were hired to adapt the BASIC (Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) programming language for use on the Altair. They were contracted to work as programmers at MITS headquarters in New Mexico (Stevenson). When the company that Gates and Allen worked for went bankrupt, Microsoft moved to Seattle, Washington (Lessig). His big break came in 1980 when IBM asked him to provide the operating system for IBM’s computer (“Bill Gates”). Instead of creating a new program Microsoft purchased QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) and modified it for IBM’s PC. Gates then renamed the operating system MS-DOS. Bill Gates said “Microsoft was founded based on my vision of personal computer on every desk and in every home all running Microsoft software” (Stevenson). This quote means that it was in Gates’s mind to have every personal computer in people homes using Microsoft. When Microsoft Corporation went public in 1986,Gates became a billionaire overnight. Gates also worked with Intel’s Andy Grove, who made the microprocessors chip that run Windows (Rivlin 11). The two companies were often referred as one: “Wintel monopoly”. Gates helped make Grove a very wealth man (Rivlin 12).

Microsoft Windows and software was on more than 80 percent of the personal computer market in the mid-90s (Cohen). Within ten years Microsoft had became the dominant presence in the software industry even though that industry was changing rapidly. When 1994 came around consumer demand for Internet browser software increased. Also in 1994, Netscape was founded and was Microsoft’s main competitor for internet browser (Stevenson). The following year Gates changed Microsoft to focus more on Microsoft’s Internet Explorer (Stevenson). Internet Explorer was originally licensed from the Spyglass company before it was introduced and bundled with Windows products. When this happen Internet Explorer quickly surpassed Netscape’s browser (Stevenson). Because of this and Microsoft not allowing the installation of other web browser the rivals of Microsoft said that they were forcing their customers to use Internet Explorer (“Bill Gates”). In the mid-90s, Microsoft was selling millions of copes each months and Gates’ fortune had once again ballooned on the strength of other developers’ ideas (Stevenson).

By the 1990s, Microsoft came under heavy heat from the government and other companies. The Federal Trade Commission began to investigate Microsoft for antitrust violations and there were also companies that were in the same business field as Microsoft filed a lawsuit against Microsoft

Continue for 6 more pages »  •  Join now to read essay Bill Gates and Microsoft and other term papers or research documents
Download as (for upgraded members)