EssaysForStudent.com - Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes
Search

Financial Statement Analysis of Sail and Tata Steel

Page 1 of 22

A project on

FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS OF SAIL AND TATA STEEL

Submitted to Seshadev Sahoo

By

Group 10

(Section: B)

Suyash Sengar

PGP 31354

Deepak Kumar

PGP 31316

Chandan Kumar

PGP 31314

Amritansh Bharech

PGP 31308

Arpit Ruia

PGP31311

Group Project Submission

Financial Statement Analysis

Term IV, 2016

[pic 1]

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, LUCKNOW


Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION        3

2. ABOUT THE COMPANY        3

3. SEGMENT REPORTING        3

5. CASH FLOW ANALYSIS        9

6. SPECIFIC ISSUES        12

7. EVA ANALYSIS        14

8. RIV ANALYSIS        15

9. EARNINGS VOLATILITY AND RED FLAGS        17

10. FORECASTING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS        18

11. CONCLUSION        19


1. INTRODUCTION        

The aim of the project is to conduct financial statement analysis for two major players of steel production industry- Steel Authority of India (SAIL) and Tata Steel. We have applied various techniques learned in the course to the financial statements of the companies to understand the growth drivers, operational aspects, profitability and eventually forecast their earnings.

2. ABOUT THE COMPANY

2.1 STEEL AUTHORITY OF INDIA

SAIL is one of the largest state-owned steel making company based in New Delhi, India and one of the top steel makers in world with an annual turnover of ₹43,337 crore (US$6.4 billion) (FY 2015-16). It operates 5 fully integrated steel plants with an annual production of 13.9 million metric ton.

2.2 TATA STEEL

Tata Steel is the 2nd largest steel company in India with an annual capacity of 9.7 million tonnes and the 11th largest steel producer in the world with annual crude steel capacity of 25.3 million tonnes. Tata Steel has manufacturing operations in 26 countries.

3. SEGMENT REPORTING

The segment reporting of both the companies are in line with each other as they are in the same business. Both the firms report the segment results under the Primary and Secondary Segment heads.

SAIL categorises its 5 integrated Steel Plants including Bokaro and Durgapur Steel Plants, 2 Power JVs with NTPC and a power subsidiary (SAIL-Jagdishpur Power Plant) as Primary Segments for reporting. Tata Steel breaks down business segments into its products like Steel, Ferro Alloys and Minerals and others for purpose of primary segment reporting.

SAIL treats Geographic Segmentation as for Secondary Segment Reporting by treating sales revenue in India and foreign countries as separate geographical segments. Tata Steel follows the same suit by segmenting the geography into India and its foreign operations.

        

3.1 SAIL: SEGMENT REPORTING

Primary Segments: These are identified on basis of source and nature of risks and returns, internal organization and management structure. As of 2015-16, the primary business segments are BSP, DSP, RSP, BSL, ISP and Power JV companies (with NTPC) and the Jagdishpur Power subsidiary company. This classification has been in place for last 10 years.

Analysis:

  • The segment reporting is based around on different steel production plants of SAIL and its power ventures. They all produce similar kinds of steel and ferro alloys. The power companies are in a different line of business.
  • The intersegment sales have been in the range of ~12-15%. This indicates that the segments are getting increasingly integrated. As the businesses are in the same line of work this shows the synergy is rightful.
  • Bokaro Steel Plant is the dominant segment as it has contributed ~95-97% to the revenues of SAIL followed by BSL, Rourkela and Durgapur Steel Plants.
  • In terms of profitability, Bokaro Steel Plant and BSL are the frontrunners. 4 Major segments like ISP, RSP etc. are in losses for the last 5 years which explains the reason why SAIL as a company has dwindling profitability.
  • 23% of assets of SAIL are with Bokaro Steel Plants while 18% each are with Durgapur and ISP
  • Despite being lower in both revenue and asset base, Rourkela Steel Plant has getting heavy CapEx investment (~20-25%). Bokaro Steel Plant continues to lead here as well with almost 30-35% investment.
  • The emphasis on RSP suggests that SAIL is looking at it for future growth driver while depending on Bokaro to continue being the dependent source
  • For future growth and profitability, the power ventures of SAIL need to be looked out while improving operational efficiency in RSP, DSP and other steel plants.

Secondary Segments: The secondary segment reporting is based on geographical operations of SAIL.

Sales Revenue (in crores)

Current Year

Previous

India

43281.23

49497.59

Foreign

557.25

1567.68

Total

43838.48

51065.27

  • Domestic Operations have contributed to almost 98% of sales revenue for SAIL in the last 5 years and have been growing at a
  • Overseas Operations despite experiencing a decline in the last year has been slowly growing in the last 5 years
  • No Inter Segment sales in the last 5 years denote very less synergy and integration between Indian and foreign operations

3.2 SEGMENT REPORTING – TATA STEEL

Primary Segments: These are identified on basis of source and nature of risks and returns, internal organization and management structure. As of 2015-16, the primary business segments are Steel, Ferro alloys and Materials.

Analysis:

  • The intersegment sales have been in the range of ~10-13%. This indicates that the segments are getting increasingly integrated. As the businesses are in the same line of work this shows the synergy is rightful.
  • Steel has been the major source of revenue for the firm and it accounts for almost 80-90% of the net revenue generated from all products.
  • More than 80% of assets are accounted by steel segments; rest are accounted by segment classified as others.
  • Steel being the major segment, major proportion of capital expenditure and depreciation have been assigned to steel
  • The emphasis on RSP suggests that TATA STEEL is looking at it for future growth driver while depending on steel to continue being the major income source

Secondary Segments: The secondary segment reporting is based on geographical operations of SAIL.

Download as (for upgraded members)
txt
pdf
Citation Generator

(2017, 07). Financial Statement Analysis of Sail and Tata Steel. EssaysForStudent.com. Retrieved 07, 2017, from https://www.essaysforstudent.com/Business/Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Sail-and-Tata-Steel/106875.html

"Financial Statement Analysis of Sail and Tata Steel" EssaysForStudent.com. 07 2017. 2017. 07 2017 <https://www.essaysforstudent.com/Business/Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Sail-and-Tata-Steel/106875.html>.

"Financial Statement Analysis of Sail and Tata Steel." EssaysForStudent.com. EssaysForStudent.com, 07 2017. Web. 07 2017. <https://www.essaysforstudent.com/Business/Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Sail-and-Tata-Steel/106875.html>.

"Financial Statement Analysis of Sail and Tata Steel." EssaysForStudent.com. 07, 2017. Accessed 07, 2017. https://www.essaysforstudent.com/Business/Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Sail-and-Tata-Steel/106875.html.