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Constitution Convention Vs 2016 Election

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Khanh Hau
Mr. Lenahan

US History (2)

13 October 2016

Constitution Convention vs 2016 Election

In February 1787, Congress decided that a convention should be convened to revise the Articles of Confederation, the nation’s first constitution. In May, 55 delegates came to Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention began. Debates erupted over representation in Congress, over slavery, and over the new executive branch. The debates continued through four hot and muggy months. But eventually the delegates reached compromises, and on September 17, they produced the U.S. Constitution, replacing the Articles with the governing document that has functioned effectively for more than 200 years. In the other hand, 2016 election, Americans have complex views of government. More than their European counterparts, Americans favor a limited government role. Americans have consistently told pollsters they would rather have a smaller government providing fewer services than a bigger government providing more services. But, when the problem seems too big for individual action, they think the government of a country as rich and powerful as America should be able to respond effectively in their place. At the same condition, with the expansion of government, the public has found much to criticize, and many Americans increasingly doubt whether Washington can provide effective solutions. About the role of the government, the difference between Constitution and Election of 2016 is Articles of Confederation. While the articles limited the power of government, in which had no power to regulate trade or to levy and collect taxes; the Election of 2016 provide the wide power to their government. Since the Articles of Confederation did not work well, Congress decided to pass the US Constitution in which giving more power to the government. And it makes the similarity to the Election of 2016, both side want powerful government, that can protect their rights and solving problem, but they both doubt that government would take advantage on them, so Bill of Rights was passed to protect citizens’ rights.

Taxes- the most popular problem of the United States. In Constitution, Articles failed to grant the new national government any general taxing power—hardly surprising given the role of taxes in the still-raging Revolutionary War. States themselves had broad powers of taxation, though they were prohibited from adopting imposts or duties which interfered with treaty obligations (Article VI) or from levying special taxes on individuals or goods from other states (Article IV). In Election of 2016, the nation’s tax policy has been a divisive issue in recent elections and 2016 has been no exception. They concern about income tax cuts and reduced taxes on investment income.  Barack Obama's early attempts to end some of the Bush era tax cuts in the late 2000s were met with strong resistance because of the economic downturn. Donald Trump announced a revised tax plan on August 8, 2016. His first tax plan, announced on September 28, 2015, would have reduced the highest individual income tax rate from 39.6 percent to 25 percent. Mike Pence of Indiana in 2013 he proposed a 10 percent cut in individual income tax rates, and the legislature agreed to 5 percent.  Gary Johnson states that: "If I could wave a magic wand, we would eliminate income tax, we would eliminate corporate tax, we would abolish the IRS, and we could replace all of it with one federal consumption tax. If we had zero corporate tax in this country, tens of millions of jobs would get created in this country for no other reason.” In similarity, both Constitution and Election of 2016 have the same ideas: that citizen have rights to not pay for tax, and try to reduce and cut taxes in many sides. In difference, Constitution did not have taxes on imposts or duties and levying special taxes on individuals or goods, while today, taxes is on everything, but they are trying to find the ways to reduce, get out of taxation problems.

Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. Constitutional law deals with the fundamental principles by which the government exercises its authority. In some instances, these principles grant specific powers to the government, such as the power to tax and spend for the welfare of the population. Other times, constitutional principles act to place limits on what the government can do, such as prohibiting the arrest of an individual without sufficient cause. Constitutional laws may often be considered second order rule making or rules about making rules to exercise power. It governs the relationships between the judiciary, the legislature and the executive with the bodies under its authority. Election law is a discipline falling at the juncture of constitutional law and political science. It researches "the politics of law and the law of politics". Election law deals with: the financing of elections (e.g. contribution limits, rules for public financing of elections, the public disclosure of contributors, and rules governing interest groups other than a candidate's campaign organization); which people are entitled to vote in an election (e.g. age, residency or literacy requirements, or poll taxes), and the procedures by which such persons must register to vote or present identification in order to vote; the rules about what subjects may be submitted to a direct popular vote through a referendum or plebiscite, and the rules that governmental agencies or citizen groups must follow to place questions on the ballot for public consideration;… For all of these, Election law and Constitutional law are the same in which they both focus on controlling, handling the country, protect their citizen, their purpose are that building a better America. In difference, Constitution law concern more about citizen’s rights and power of government, Election law concern about the law of election, like when do people can register to vote, or which people are entitled to vote.

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