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How to Write Hangul (korean Alphabet)?

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How to Write Hangul (Korean Alphabet or Script)?

Unlike Japanese and Chinese, the basics of the Korean script can be learned in a matter of hours. The finer points of pronunciation, however, and spacing can take years. The most popular way to write Korean words in modern times is to use the Korean script, Hangul. You still may sometimes see Hanja used, especially in newspapers, legal documents and academic writing.

In this paper, I have laid five easy steps and have employed some important reminders to help you learn Korean Script quickly and effectively.

The very first step to learn how to write Hangeul is to familiarize yourself on the alphabets so that you’re aware on what letter you are using when constructing a word using Hangul.

If you are now familiar with the Korean Alphabet, let’s talk about the consonants and the vowels .There are 14 basic consonants and 5 double consonants in Hangul. The 14 basic consonants of Hangul are ㄱ (k/g), ㄴ (n), ㄷ (d) ,ㄹ(l/r) ,ㅁ(m), ㅂ (b), ㅅ (s), ㅇ(vowel holder or ng), ㅈ (j), ㅊ(ch), ㅋ(k), ㅌ(t), ㅍ(p) and ㅎ(h) and the five double consonants are ㄲ(gg), ㄸ (dd), ㅃ (pp), ㅆ (ss), ㅉ (jj). So now you know the consonants, let’s move on to the vowels. There are eight basic vowel sounds along with thirteen other complex vowel sounds. These complex vowels are called diphthongs, which are combinations of no more than two vowels. The eight vowels are ㅏ(a), ㅐ(ae), ㅓ(eo), ㅔ(e),  ㅗ(o), ㅜ(u), ㅡ(eu), ㅣ(i) and the thirteen complex vowels are ㅑ(ya), ㅒ(yae), ㅕ(yeo), ㅖ(ye), ㅘ(wa), ㅙ(wae), ㅚ(oe), ㅛ(yo), ㅝ(wo), ㅞ(we), ㅟ(wi), ㅠ(yu), ㅢ(ui). Did you get it?

If you get the consonants and the vowels of Hangul, let’s talk about on how they are written or its structure of writing. Korean words are written from left to right and words are formed by writing each syllable in a block-like shape or in box shape. The word for 'person' is 사람 (person), romanized as 'saram,' and consists of two syllables. The letters ㅅ + ㅏ make the syllable block of 사 ('sa'), while ㄹ + ㅏ + ㅁ make the next syllable 람 ('ram'). As you notice, the words “sa” and “ram”, which is written in hangul, are formed in box shape. Korean syllables are organized into blocks of letters that have a beginning consonant, a middle vowel, and an optional final consonant. A syllable block is composed of a minimum of two letters, consisting of at least one consonant and one vowel.

Now you know about their structure, let us know some letters that are present in the English alphabet but not present in Hangul. Obviously, Korean does not contain all the sounds of English, and in the same sense, English does not contain all the sounds of Korean. Therefore the English alphabet cannot accurately represent the sounds of Korean. If one wants to learn English, one should learn the English alphabet and its sounds. In the same sense, if one wants to learn Korean, one should learn the Korean alphabet and its sounds. The letters that are not present in Hangul are F, Q, V, X, and Z. Fortunately, these letters have substitutes. The letter F is pronounced as “P”, letter Q is pronounced as “K” and “W” together, letter V is pronounced as “B”, letter X is pronounced as “K” and “X” together, and the letter Z is pronounced as “J”. So if you will write a word that starts in letters F, Q, V, X, and Z in Hangul, replace it with its substitute.

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