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Romantic Poetry - Romantic Period Between 1780 and 1830

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Romantic poetry :

romantic period : between 1780 and 1830, it refers to writing produced in a specific period of time

‘romanticism’ refers to a new set of thinking and feeling about the world who spread in Europe, influencing music and painting as well as literature

the era in which the Romantics wrote was a very stormy period : age of war, upheaval, and particular age of war ( 1775 to 1850 ). the fist generation lived through the events of the French revolution and its effects can be seen in their works.

« Lyrical Ballads » collection of poems by WB, and STC kind of ‘revolutionary manifesto’ for literature, in which he outlines some of the ideas that lie behind what we know call romantic poetry

  • nature
  • feelings
  • imagination
  • power of the people
  • individual experience
  • real language

Romantic writers :

First generation :

William Blake (1757 - 1827 )

« the Book of Urizen »

« Infant Joy »

« Infant Sorrow »

Samuel Taylor Coleridge ( 1772 - 1834 )

William Wordsworth ( 1770 - 1850 )

Second generation :

Lord Byron ( 1788 - 1824 )

John Keats (1795 - 1821 )

« to my Borther »

« th Eve od St Agnes » about life and deaths his thoughts

Percy Bysshe Shelley ( 1792 - 1822 )

William Wordsworth

«  The principal object, then, proposed in these Poems was to choose incidents and situations from common life, and to relate or describe them, throughout, as far as was possible in a selection of language really used by men, and, at the same time, to throw over them a certain colouring of imagination, whereby ordinary things should be presented to the mind in an unusual way »

« My heart leaps up » lyrical poem

 

  • natural word was important to Wordsworth, who grew up close to the English Lake District
  • studied at Cambridge
  • he was supported by his friendship with S.T.C and the devoted companionship with his sister Dorothy into his devotion to poetry
  • attention to his own ‘self’ rather than looking only to the world outside himself for topics
  • autobiographical poem The Prelude

Lyrical or narrative ?

  • lyrical poems tend to be reflective, particular moment of the poet’s experience, and then find a deeper meaning or significance to it
  • narrative poems tell a story [pic 1][pic 2]

Songs of innocence 1789

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