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Diabetes; Type I, Type Ii, Gestational

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Kimberly Ann Guajardo

Brent Angangan

Kine 1164


Diabetes; Type I, Type II, Gestational

‘Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period’, according to Wikipedia. Many of us have heard about someone or seen someone who has diabetes. This is a very common disease in humans that is easy to get and impossible to get rid of. There are three types of diabetes which are, diabetes type I, diabetes type II, and gestational diabetes. The most common diabetes by far is the type II diabetes.

Diabetes type I “results from the pancreas's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.” This type of diabetes is believed to be in about 4 percent of Americans that have the diabetes disease in them. Type I is a common but rare diabetes since the way it is contracted is unknown. The number of Americans that have it is still very high totaling out to an approximate amount of 1.25 million people in the united states. There are treatments for this type of disease that will help regulate the amount glucose levels. The treatment for diabetes type I is to take insulin as needed, eat healthier things, check glucose levels throughout the day, see a physician regularly and exercise. Exercise plays a big role in feeling better and being healthier while having diabetes type 1. Walking every evening and being active throughout the day is the best treatment for this disease. When exercising people tend to lower glucose. The only thing to keep in mind is to monitor it very occasionally during the activity.

Diabetes type II “begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.”  Diabetes type II is by far the most common type in the American as of today. 90-95 % of the Americans have diabetes type II. This percentage is equal to an immense amount of people with a total of 23.5 million people. Just like the diabetes type I there is a treatment for this type of diabetes, the treatment regulates the disease but does not cure it. The treatment consists of insulin therapy, eating healthy, exercise regularly, and seeing a phycian. For this type of diabetes there are a couple of common symptoms:” increased thirst and urination, increased hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing of sores or infections, areas or darkened skin.” Exercises while having type II diabetes has a huge impact in the way your health is going to be. When your glucose level is abnormally high, exercise makes your muscles use glucose which will lower your level without taking any medication.

The last type of commonly known diabetes is gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes is the least seen throughout the united states. About 1% of the American females get this kind of disease. The total number of females with gestational diabetes is roughly about 200,000 people. Exercise is a big role in the pregnant women, not only because of this type of disease, but because they tend to have less complications through the pregnancy.

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