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Differences Between Hamilton and Jefferson

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Essay title: Differences Between Hamilton and Jefferson

Both Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton were prominent members of society during the era after the revolution. Yet while these two men came from similar backgrounds and both believed in liberty and independence, neither of the two men could stand each other. This was mainly due to the fact that the two men had radically different views on various subjects, and neither was willing to give up or alter their view.

Alexander Hamilton, one of the most important people of the time, was the first Secretary of the Treasury. Utilising federal power to modernize the nation, he convinced Congress to use an elastic interpretation of the Constitution to pass laws that Jefferson deemed unconstitutional. These laws included federal assumption of the state debts, creation of a national bank, and a system of taxes through a tariff on imports and a tax on whiskey. Hamilton was also the creator of the Federalist party. In contrast, Thomas Jefferson was born to a wealthy family but was nonetheless an anti-federalist. He was sypathetic towards the poor people and advocated state’s rights. afgads

Yet, although Jefferson often showed a strong dislike for the Federalist laws and programs, when Jefferson took the office, he left many of the Federalist programs intact, and except for revoking the exise tax, the Hamiltonian system was mostly left as it was. However, this act of Jefferson’s went against many of the political beliefs held by his party and himself. Jeffersonian philosophy and Hamiltonian philosophy differed greatly in that Jeffersonian philosophy adhered to a weak central government, with most of the power in the hands of the states. It believed that the federal government’s power should be restrained and limited, so that it would not be able to become tyrannical or try and undermine the power of the states and the people. Also, Jeffersonian philosophy advocated a strict interpretation of the Constitution. They took the words of the Constitution at face value, and did not try to interpret any hidden connotation of the Constitution.

For instance, when it came to the National Bank of the United States of America, Hamilton believed that it was constitutional to authorize it because what the “Constitution did not forbid it permitted” (Pageant 195). Yet Jefferson believed the opposite, since “there was not specific authorization in the Constitution” (Pageant 195) for the bank, the bank should not be authorized. Hamilton’s view on this was based on the “elastic clause”, which stated that Congress would receive the power “to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.” The elastic clause allowed for Hamilton’s loose-constructionist views, which allowed the judiciary to determine the meaning of the something not only in terms of law, but also in the intent. The opposing view was of Jefferson’s strict-constructionist stance which allowed only for a judicial interpretation according to the law. However, Hamiltonian philosophy

advocated a strong central gvoernment that could put down edcesses of democratic actions like Shays’s Rebellion. Hamilton’s philosophy also facvored the rich and tried to protect the purses of the wealthy. Thus, there were many supporters for Federalists amongst the wealthier classes, and especially amongst the merchants on the seaboard. On the other hand, Jefferson’s policies favored

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