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Hazrat Abu Bakr

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Essay title: Hazrat Abu Bakr

Hazrat Abu Bakr occupies a unique and significant role in the history of Islam. He was the first adult male to accept Islam, and when he first accepted the new faith, he accepted it right away. The Prophet (S) said, "Whenever I offered Islam to any person, he showed some hesitation when embracing it. But Abu Bakr is an exception. He was the prophet's closest companion. It was Abu Bakr, who traveled with the Prophet (S) to Madinah for the Hijra.

When Prophet Muhammad (S), made the hijra from Makkah to Madinah, he and Abu Bakr had to hide in the cave Thaur together. After they reached Madinah, the Prophet (S), used Abu Bakr's money to built Masjid Nabavi (Prophet's Mosque). Abu Bakr also played a major role in the Battle of Badr. He was the commander of the right wing of the Muslim army, and helped lead success. In this battle, it was Abu Bakr who also guarded and protected Prophet Muhammad (S). In the battle of the ditch, Abu Bakr was commander of the contingent that guarded the ditch.

On the 6th of Dhil Qa'da, the Prophet and his companions made a pilgrimage to Makkah. But, to do so they had to come up with a plan. It was Abu Bakr who suggested to tell the Quraish, that the pilgrimage was strictly for religious purposes, and that there was no intention of fighting. He also helped come up with some of the terms on the Treaty of Hudaibiya, and signed it, and this was the first real victory for the Muslims. It was after this treaty that Islam could be spread more peacefully. The number of new converts after the treaty, was larger than the number of converts in the nineteen years that precede it. When the Prophet (S) and the companions went to Tabuk, Hazrat Abu Bakr was the Imamat and carried the banner of Islam. Abu Bakr was also the first Amirul-Hajj in the history of Islam. He led the caravan of Muslims to Makkah.

After the death of the Prophet Muhammad (S), Abu Bakr had to take charge over the distraught people. He told them not to worship Prophet Muhammad (S), because he is dead, and to worship Allah (SWT), because he is alive. Hazrat Abu Bakr was the first Kalipha. At the election at the Saqifa Bani Sa'dah, he was elected. They told him that he was the second of the two in the cave, and had officiated the Prophet (S) in leading Salah. As a Khalifa, he led the daily, Friday, and Eid prayers. He was in charge of Ramadan issues, like sighting the moon, and directions on how to keep fasts. He made arrangements for Hajj. He also commanded the Muslim armies in battle. He played a huge role in stabilizing and continuing Islam. His main task was to defend the capital (Madinah) against attacks. He also brought

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