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How Does Crm Optimize Sales and Marketing Effectiveness in Travel and Tourism Industry?

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Essay title: How Does Crm Optimize Sales and Marketing Effectiveness in Travel and Tourism Industry?

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How does CRM Optimize Sales and Marketing Effectiveness in Travel and Tourism Industry?

The profitability in travel and tourism market is focused on capacity in peak and off-peak seasons, fixed costs and variable costs, and the pricing of a product; therefore, capacity utilization and the development of demand balancing are the solutions. For that reason, instead of selling products or services separately, companies bundle them into the combinations of products and services that are more valuable because they serve the customers from the customers’ perspective. The key to optimize sales and marketing effectiveness is customer relationship management (CRM).

Sales and marketing optimization is about building trusted relationships. Purchases of complex products, such as holiday packages, will increasingly be made by groups of decision makers, not by individual purchasers. More and more research is done via the Internet. The customers are more informed about the products, services and competitor options than they ever have been before. As a result, organizational processes, technology, sales and marketing strategies such as customer knowledge competence strategy and customerization strategy, and as well as organizational structure and labor quality are crucial for the relationships building.

In the research report by Chu (2002), they have developed the CRM value cycle which provides an overall framework and approach for helping companies focus on the most important aspects of customer relationships. The value cycle has four key components: customer experience, customer insights, refined business actions, and strategic capabilities. To create strong, unique and continuously improved customer experiences is the primary goal of the value cycle. The improvement process is based on generating customer insights across segments and individual customers, and translating those insights into actions that provide new and improved experiences. The company has to enhance their strategic capabilities continuously in order to drive optimal value for customers and the company.

Nowadays, sales force are working harder and longer just to keep up with the information flow and building the trust needed with customers in order to close deals. It is essential to employ technology through value-driven interactions that has the ability to utilize real-time information in multiple ways as it's gathered from systems. Moreover, technology must be a customer focused asset. The processes are coordinated across the value chain within the company to enhance customer experience and optimize sales and marketing effectiveness. In the research article by Stockdale & Borovicka (2006), a case study of Lonely Planet which the travel publisher has established an online community where members feel a sense of belonging, a shared history and develop ongoing relationships.

By developing online communities, Lonely Planet has a constant flow of information, albeit unstructured and often effusive, and feedback. They develop and maintain a high level of loyalty from a substantial community membership that reinforces brand recognition. The opportunities to accumulate customer information and to build customer relationships are extensive. In essence, a business supported online community is an effective tool for Customer Relationship Management (CRM).

However, effective sales and marketing optimization don't come standard with technology. Strategic thinking and evaluation is a necessary component. Collecting customers’ information is essential for sales and marketing. By analyzing the information, enables companies to explore profitable opportunities created by emerging customer demand and reducing potential risks of misfitting customer needs. In the research article by Campbell (2001), customer knowledge competence is composed of four organizational processes. The first organizational process is the customer knowledge process which refers to the set of behavioral activities about customer information that is acquired, interpreted, and integrated to customer knowledge into the firm’s marketing activities. The second organizational process is the Marketing-IT (information technology) interface. Marketing-IT interface refers to the process in which marketing and IT communicate and cooperate with each other. The third organizational process is top management involvement which refers to the process by which top management signals its support for the generation and integration of customer knowledge within the firm. The fourth organizational process is the employee evaluation and reward systems. The employee evaluation and reward system refers to the process by which employee behavior is aligned to the goals of generating and integrating customer knowledge

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