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The Cold War

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Essay title: The Cold War

In the post World War II era, a war arose between the Soviet Union and the United States, but in reality there was never really any documented fighting between the two nations, thus spawning the catch phrase "Cold War." Even though both countries were ready to go to war at the blink of an eye and almost did, the powers-that-be never got the nerve to authorize a nuclear war that would have made World War II look like child's play. This was a war fought in the political ring, and was also a war that did not start at the end of World War II, this war started during the war against Hitler and lasted for forty more years before peace became predominant over the crumbling Soviet Union. Many events occurred in this political heavyweight bout, and both sides can be blamed for the extremity the tensions escalated to, and this Cold War would have been tough to avoid taking into account the political beliefs of the countries at hand.

During the war, once the Allied powers from the west joined forces with Stalin's Red Army, trouble was inevitable. Luckily for the world, America had a great leader and foreign diplomat in Franklin D. Roosevelt while England countered with Winston Churchill. This duo created a steady working relationship with Stalin, thus creating the

Big Three and the Grand Alliance. Even though it was far from a perfect relationship, all three diplomats realized the task at hand, the mandate of stopping Adolph Hitler and the Nazi regime of Germany. Sadly, this priority overwhelmed the Big Three, and no solution was ever conjured up on how to handle the Post-War situation in Europe and

Asia following an Allied victory. Understandably, stopping Hitler was far from guaranteed, but any plan that was taken by the Allies in Europe never even considered the implications of how to handle the war-torn countries of Eastern Europe afterwards, an area that the Soviets had suffered many casualties and other losses to free from facist control. The few problems with Churchill and Roosevelt is that they both tended to do things their own way, sometimes leaving Stalin out to dry, and also relied heavily on their own diplomatic skills, leaving other politicians out of the foreign policy matters for each country. While many United States Government officials were not fans of Stalin, they all realized the urgency in having him on their side of the fight. In reality, no one in the government knew how to handle Stalin except for Roosevelt, which creates one of the first major events of the Cold War: the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. With Roosevelt dying, the foreign policy of the United States was about to do a complete 180 in reverse. Suddenly, all the cabinet and legislative members have a significant role in the diplomatic world, a world they had previously been shut out of for over a decade. In the middle lies a man who had not a clue about what he was getting himself into. Harry Truman was about to get in way over his head, and absolutely being Roosevelt's fault, Truman was about to get into a situation he was almost completely unfamiliar with. Poor Truman had been briefed but only once in the matters involving the war, and the decisions he was about to make would shape the world forever. With Roosevelt being a pacifist with Stalin, a decent working relationship evolved between the two, and some glimmer of hope can be seen to this day about what could have happened if Roosevelt did not die and kept up the good standing with Russia. Imagining Stalin's reaction after the Yalta Conference with Roosevelt to that of the Potsdam Conference just months after Roosevelt's death with Truman at the helm being very aggressive towards Communism in Eastern Europe is almost comical, if the severity of the situation is not understood. This must be noted as one of the building blocks of the Cold War with Russia, because this marks the official point where America's stance towards Stalin and Communism changes drastically and the time where Truman begins his diplomatic journey with the forces in the Soviet Union, one that will engulf him for the rest of his tenure in office. This also must be noted as being America's fault. A country's attitudes cannot visually and verbally change so radically so quickly. Roosevelt should have briefed Truman

heavily on dealing with Stalin. America could stay on Stalin's good side, leaving some remote chance of having a settlement work itself out after the war. An angry Stalin is much harder to reason with than a content Stalin, especially taking into consideration that he was absolutely insane, something you can't play with carelessly.

The next event that shaped the world's history and marked the official beginning of the Cold War was the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. After talking with Russia and getting their consent on joining the war on Japan, the United States

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