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The Equal Pay Act of 1963

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Essay title: The Equal Pay Act of 1963

The Equal Pay Act of 1963

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


SEC. 206. [Section 6]

(d) (1) No employer having employees subject to any provisions of this

section shall discriminate, within any establishment in which such

employees are employed, between employees on the basis of sex by paying

wages to employees in such establishment at a rate less than the rate at

which he pays wages to employees of the opposite sex in such establishment

for equal work on jobs the performance of which requires equal skill,

effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working

conditions, except where such payment is made pursuant to (i) a seniority

system; (ii) a merit system; (iii) a system which measures earnings by

quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any

other factor other than sex: Provided, That an employer who is

paying a wage rate differential in violation of this subsection shall not,

in order to comply with the provisions of this subsection, reduce the wage

rate of any employee.

(2) No labor organization, or its agents, representing employees of

an employer having employees subject to any provisions of this section

shall cause or attempt to cause such an employer to discriminate against

an employee in violation of paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(3) For purposes of administration and enforcement, any amounts

owing to any employee which have been withheld in violation of this

subsection shall be deemed to be unpaid minimum wages or unpaid overtime

compensation under this chapter.

(4) As used in this subsection, the term ''labor organization''

means any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee

representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which

exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers

concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of

employment, or conditions of work.


An Act

To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by

employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United

States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the

"Equal Pay Act of 1963."


Not Reprinted in U.S. Code [Section 2]

(a) The Congress hereby finds that the existence in industries engaged


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