EssaysForStudent.com - Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes
Search

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

By:   •  Essay  •  345 Words  •  May 16, 2010  •  522 Views

Page 1 of 2

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian: About this sound Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв (help•info), IPA [mʲɪxɐˈil sʲɪrˈɡʲeɪvʲɪtɕ ɡərbɐˈtɕof]; born 2 March 1931) was the seventh and last General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, serving from 1985 until 1991, and the last head of state of the USSR, serving from 1988 until its collapse in 1991. He was the only Soviet leader to have been born after the October Revolution of 1917. In 1989, he became the first Soviet leader to visit China since the Sino-Soviet split in the 1960s.

Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai into a peasant Ukrainian-Russian family, and in his teens operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While at university, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974, and appointed a member of the Politburo in 1979. After the deaths, within three years, of Soviet Leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov, and Konstantin Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Already before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned

Continue for 1 more page »  •  Join now to read essay Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev
Download as (for upgraded members)
txt
pdf