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Was the 5th Century Bce a "golden Age" for Athens?

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Was the 5th Century Bce a "golden Age" for Athens?


5th century BCE was a period of great development in Ancient Greece, and specifically

in Athens. The development of so many cultural achievements within Athens

and the Athenian Empire has led scholars to deem this period a "Golden Age."

It is true that his period had many achievements, but in the light of the

Athenians treatment of women, metics (non-Athenians living in Athens), and

slaves it is given to question whether or not the period can truly be called


The 5th century and the Athenian Empire gave birth to an amazing

amount of accomplishments. One such accomplishment was the minting of standard

Athenian coins that were used throughout the Athenian holdings as valid for

trade. The use of standard Athenian-minted coins helped the Athenians establish

and maintain control over their empire by helping to control trade and the

economy of the area to the Athenians' benefit.

Since Athens regularly received

tribute from the states it controlled, Pericles, the leader of Athens, began

a building project in Athens that was legendary. Athens had been sacked by

the Persians during the Persian Wars and Pericles set out to rebuild the city.

The city's walls had already been rebuilt right after the end of the second

Persian War so Pericles rebuilt temples, public grounds, and other impressive

structures. One of the most famous structures to result from Pericles' building

project was the Parthenon. The Parthenon and other such structures re-established

Athens's glory and while some Athenians criticized the projects as too lavish,

most Athenians enjoyed the benefits of the program. A major benefit to the

Athenian people was that there was an abundance of work in the polis.


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