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Latin America and Africa Questions

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Manas Angalakuduti

AP World History

Latin America and Africa Questions Activity

Directions: Answer the following questions in paragraphs that are no less than 8 to 10 sentences each. Provide specific details (names, dates, etc.) to support your answers. Submit your assignment complete.

  1. Define the Columbian Exchange. After identifying who received what, evaluate who benefited from this relationship and who suffered negative consequences.

The Columbian Exchange is the overall exchange of harvests, creatures, infections, human populace, and thoughts between the New World and the Old World amid the fifteenth and sixteenth century. Through the majority of the collaboration, the Local Americans and Africans endured the most negative outcomes, while the Europeans were emphatically influenced. The Old World conveyed to the New World a large number of sicknesses, for example, smallpox, measles, malaria and a lot more that cleared out the greater part of the Local American's populace. The Old World additionally came into contact with New World illnesses from the Locals, for example, syphilis, however was consequently less influenced by them than the Locals were. The Americas acquainted new nourishments with Europe, for example, potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkin, and sugar stick, while Europe presented eggplant, mango, grain and others to the Americas. In addition, Europeans brought domesticated animals, for example, dairy cattle, pigs, sheep, and steed to the Americas.

  1. Describe the European conquest of Latin America and explain why the Europeans succeeded.

The Europeans succeeded with regards to overcoming Latin America on account of their unrivaled innovation and advanced weaponry, Old World diseases and their organization with Latin American clans. The Europeans had considerably more propelled weaponry and military strategies than the local tribes. While the local tribes, or Native Americans, were still in the Stone Age utilizing stone weapons and tools, the pioneers had new innovation, for example, black powder weapons, shields, horses, and sharp steel weapons. More often than not, they did not have an issue with overcoming the local tribes. It is possible that they were minded of these Europeans and surrendered, or they were vanquished in fight. As a rule, the local tribes saw these mechanically propelled Europeans as unfriendly and would submit to them. Also, transmittable Old World illnesses, for example, smallpox, measles, and intestinal sickness gave the Europeans leeway at vanquishing Latin America. In view of their ill-equipped invulnerable frameworks and absence of medication, these staggering illnesses cleared out several Native Americans. At last, various Local clans would collaborate with the Europeans to vanquish amazing decision states, for example, the Aztecs. The Aztecs were a standout amongst the most dominant and propelled social orders in Latin America at the time. Numerous other little clans needed to catch the land. The Spanish could have an association with the clans, along these lines have access to a greater armed force.

  1. Analyze the economic, social, demographic and political changes in Latin America after the arrival of the Europeans. 

After the arrival of the Europeans in Latin America, many economical, political, and demographical changes occurred. The greater part of these progressions brought about the downfall of numerous Native American social orders, for example, the Aztecs and Incas, as well as the smaller Native American tribes and societies. Europeans carried with them numerous savage Old World maladies the Local Americas invulnerable framework was not set up for. Remorsefully, more than fifty to eighty percent of them passed away from illnesses. Because of a requirement for land and gold for extension of land, Spanish voyagers regularly slaughtered entire towns of innocent Native Americans so as to acquire their assets. This not only prompted a decline in the Native American population, but it also expedited unfriendly relations with Europeans. Economically and politically, social orders like the Aztecs were totally annihilated. The Native Americans who were left after the decimation were oppressed and enslaved until they passed on.

  1. Compare and contrast the institution of slavery in Latin America with other forms of forced labor (North American slavery, Russian serfdom, slavery in the Muslim empires, etc.).

Contrasted with slavery in North America, Latin America bondage was distinctive from numerous points of view. Right off the bat, slaves in North America had an a lot higher survival and birth rate than in Latin America. It was so low in South America, which the Spanish needed to supply new slaves from Africa consistently to keep the populace high. Over 33% of the populace in North America were slaves, while around eighty to ninety of the populace in South America was comprised of slaves. Moreover, male slaves basically overwhelmed the slave population in rail and the West Indies, while there were an equal proportion of female and male slaves in the North. Latin America was likewise significantly more tolerant of racial blending, which was really empowered in a few sections of rail and the Non mainstream players because of low populaces of European ladies. Every one of these components added to molding North and South America's governmental issues, society, and culture as they are today .In both the South and North slaves had practically zero rights, were under full control of their lord, and could be sold to another slave holder. Contrasted with Russian serfdom, Latin American slavery was comparative in that they were under finished command over the slave proprietor, could be sold and exchanged, and needed to work the land. As opposed to South American servitude, serfs were destitute Russian laborers who worked for rich landowners. Serfdom was nullified in 1461, while it was smothered in Latin America during the 1442s. The two types of bondage were genetic.

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