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Onocology - the Division of Science

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Oncology is the division of science that deals with cancers and tumors. Oncology can be separated onto two parts Onco means “mass or bulk” and logy means “study”. A medical practitioner qualified to diagnose and treat tumor is known as oncologist. Oncologists are very important nowadays as cancer is up to its peak. “Although more than one half of all patients who develop cancer are cured of their disease, about 550,000 people die of cancer each year. Lung cancers, followed by breast and colorectal cancer, are the most common causes of cancer death for women, whereas lung, colorectal, and prostate cancers are the leading causes of death due to cancer in men. This chapter explores the terminology related to this common and often fatal group of diseases.”(Language of Medicine, Davi-Ellen Chabner, page 800).In following paragraphs I will be explaining the types of oncologists, what they do and what training or qualification is required to become an oncologist.

Furthermore, there are different types of oncologists such as medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist and there are others kinds too they are gynecologic oncologist, pediatric oncologist and hematologist oncologist. Moreover, Medical oncologist deals with cancer using chemotherapy. Surgical oncologist removes the tumor when the patient is getting operated whereas a radiation oncologist deals with cancer and tumor using radiation therapy. Moving on to gynecologic oncologist treats people with uterine cancer and cervical cancer. Pediatric oncologist deals with cancer in children. Hematologist diagnosis leukemia (blood cancer), lymphoma and myeloma. They play significant role in patient’s life considering psychological, emotional, physical, social and financial status. There are many three components which improves survival in cancer that are prevention, early diagnosis and treatment, but factors that helps to manage cancer is discussion and multi-disciplinary cancer conferences.

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