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King Phillip and Puwblo Revolt: Compare and Contrast

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Essay title: King Phillip and Puwblo Revolt: Compare and Contrast

5 years and nearly an entire continent separated King Philip's war from the great pueblo revolt. Compare and contrast the causes and consequences of these 2 conflicts.

The Great Pueblo revolt of 1680 all started with the droughts of 1660 when the Southwest had severe drought that brought famine and disease. During this, hungry Apaches who couldn't find food on plains attacked the pueblos. This angered the people on the pueblos, but there new leader Pope', a mysterious medicine doctor, tried to keep the Indian beliefs around and resisted the Christian religion. The Spaniards hated this, so they captured his older brother. This enraged Pope' against the Spaniards so he held meetings to tell everybody that the Spaniards must leave. The Spaniards found out about this and arrested Pope, publicly flogged him and released him back to the pueblos. When he was captured, the pueblo people set fires in the Indian villages in New Mexico. To take care of the fires, the Spaniards sent troops to halt the ritual of setting the fires by pueblo people, and they arrested all of the medicine doctors, killing several of them. The people believed that the doctors protected them from evil, so all of the pueblo towns wanted to unite against the Spaniards. The group from the pueblos went to the governor of Santa Fe and told him that if the doctors that were imprisoned weren't released by sundown, all of the Spaniards in New Mexico would be killed. They released the prisoners because the Indians outnumber the Spaniards by a huge amount.

Hate and anger was spreading throughout the pueblos concerning the Spaniards power in New Mexico. There was a small skirmish in Santa Fe that the Indians won, but Pope said they needed more than that. He wanted Indian organization, leadership, and a magic spark with which to set the country aflame. He traveled to each pueblo and won their loyalty during secret meetings he held. He wanted each pueblo to strengthen the courage of their Indians by cleansing the ranks of informers. He suspected his son-in-law as being as a spy for the Spaniards, so they killed him. The Spaniards found out about this and went looking for Pope, but he hid in the Taos Pueblo.

In midsummer 1680, Pope said the time was now for a revolt. Pope used his mystical powers to summon 3 native Gods to his secret chamber. They said the time was right for a revolt. Pope sent a message to each pueblo saying when the revolt will actually happen.

The Spaniards got word of the attack, and notified every Spanish official in the pueblos to arrest any expected ringleader of the Indians. The Spaniards were also notified that the Indians had painted themselves for war. They rounded up all of their people, distributed arms, and let everybody wait to see what will happen.

Later that day, there were uprisings in many of the pueblos, but the capital of Santa Fe was not attacked yet. On August 14, 500 Indians marched on Santa Fe. The governor tried to negotiate with the Indians before they attacked, but it failed and the next morning the Spaniard attacked the Indians. The Indians were driven from their position and fled to the foothills, until Indian reinforcements put them back in position to attack Santa Fe.

Two days later, 2500 Indians charged the Spaniards and swarmed around the palace and burned a chapel. The entire Spaniard army met the Indians in the plaza at the capital and waged hand to hand combat all day long. The Spaniards sent the Indians back, and they retreated into their palace.

The next day the Spaniards met the Indians and tried

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