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Scence Technology and Society

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Essay title: Scence Technology and Society


Technology and science are activities of central importance in contemporary life, intimately bound up with society’s evolving character, problems, and potentials. If scientific and technological pursuits are to further enhance human well-being, they and their effects on society and the individual must be better understood by non-technical professionals and ordinary citizens like us. Issues of professional ethics and social responsibility not only confront technical practitioners; We are also being asked with increasing frequency to pass judgment on controversial matters of public policy related to science and technology and make decisions requiring basic understanding of science and technology and their ethical, social, and environmental consequences. These circumstances require education befitting the complex sociotechnical character of the contemporary era.



Science (from the Latin scientia, 'knowledge') is a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method, as well as the organized body of knowledge gained through such research. Science as defined here is sometimes termed pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of scientific research to specific human needs.

Etymology of Science

The word science comes through the Old French, and is derived from the Latin word scientia for knowledge, which in turn comes from scio - I know. The Indo-European root means to discern or to separate, akin to Sanskrit chyati, he cuts off, Greek schizein, to split, Latin scindere, to split. From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, science or scientia meant any systematic recorded knowledge. Science therefore had the same sort of very broad meaning that philosophy had at that time. In other languages, including French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian, the word corresponding to science also carries this meaning.

From classical times until the advent of the modern era, "philosophy" was roughly divided into natural philosophy and moral philosophy. In the 1800s, the term natural philosophy gradually gave way to the term natural science. Natural science was gradually specialized to its current domain, which typically includes the physical sciences and biological sciences. The social sciences, inheriting portions of the realm of moral philosophy, are currently also included under the auspices of science to the extent that these disciplines use empirical methods. Today, the primary meaning of "science" is generally limited to empirical study involving use of the scientific method.

Brief Discussion:

Science as I understand it by classical definition is simply the state of knowing, a system of acquiring knowledge. The knowledge involved is about the world around us, that which includes us as well.

Science uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomena. It involves both description, which tells us what has happened, and explanation, which tells us why it happened. It is also through knowing why events occur that we can predict what else might occur in the future.

Science is a useful tool; it gives us an understanding of our surroundings, the purpose of which is so that we can contend and adapt with it more effectively. It has made a profound effect on the way we live and act upon nature, largely through its application in technology. For instance, it has brought about technology that helps save lives, the result of which is the modern individual gets to live longer and healthier than ever before.




Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment. In human society, it is a consequence of science and engineering.


Technology is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings. It is also a knowledge of using tools and machines to do tasks efficiently.


A. Application of tools and methods: the study, development, and application of devices, machines, and techniques for manufacturing and productive processes

recent developments in seismographic technology

B. Method of applying technical knowledge: a method or methodology that applies technical knowledge or tools.


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