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4quadrant Hp-Ux Memory Issue

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4quadrant Hp-Ux Memory Issue

Memory Windows in HP-UX 11.0. White Paper

page 1

Memory Windows

White Paper

1. Objectives

HP-UX release 11.0 is the first to support the new HP V-class machine. Targeted for high end OLTP, decision

support, server consolidation and ERP, the V-class can support up to 16 gigabytes of physical memory.

The current 32-bit virtual address space of HP-UX is limiting applications from taking full advantage of

systems with a large amount of physical memory.

Not all of HP’s software providers have ported their applications to 64-bits, nor is it necessary in all cases.

But HP-UX has limitations for shared resources on 32-bit applications. All applications in the system are

limited to a total of 1.75 gigabytes of global space(shared memory), 2.75 gigabytes if compiled, linked as

EXEC_MAGIC and chatr’d as SHMEM_MAGIC. In a system with 16 gigabytes of physical memory, only

1.75 can be used for shared resources such as shared memory.

To address this limitation a functional change has been made to the 11.00 release of HP-UX. The patch

allows 32-bit processes to create unique memory windows for shared objects like shared memory. There

are three types of executables in HP-UX. Their layout *WITHOUT* memory windows is the following:

The default HP-UX memory management is based on quadrants where each process has its own space.

The process text (executable code) is mapped to quadrant 1 and its private data is mapped to quadrant 2

in its individual space. Quadrant one and two exists n times (once for each process). All shared objects are

mapped to quadrant 3 and 4 (and quad 2 for SHMEM_MAGIC) of one single space shared by all processes.

This is where the system wide limit of 1.75 Gb’s comes from. Each quadrant is 1gigabyte in size.

Program Text

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 1)

Program Data

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 2)

Global Space

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 3)

Global Space

.75 Gigabyte

(quadrant 4)

Program Text & Data

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 1)

Program Data

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 2)

Global Space

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 3)

Global Space

.75 Gigabyte

(quadrant 4)

Program Text & Data

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 1)

Global Space

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 2)

Global Space

1 Gigabyte

(quadrant 3)

Global Space

.75 Gigabyte

(quadrant 4)

SHARE_MAGIC

(default)

EXEC_MAGIC SHMEM_MAGIC

Memory Windows in HP-UX 11.0 White Paper

page 2

The 4th quadrant is only .75 gigabytes in size because the last 1/4 of the quadrant is reserved for architected

I/O space.

By default all executables are SHARE_MAGIC, the default mode. EXEC_MAGIC and SHMEM_MAGIC

require

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