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Endocrine System

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Endocrine System

The article, “Pancreas Transplant: A Cure for Diabetes?” written by Eli A. Friedman, M.D., explores the possibility of a cure for type 1 diabetes and the implications involving this experimental procedure. The article discusses current procedures and treatments that are commonly used to control type 1 diabetes and highlights provisional treatments that evolved into pancreatic transplant surgery.

The editorial explains that diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of irreversible renal failure, known more commonly as End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Diabetes mellitus can cause nerve, vascular and other problems that can result in limb amputation and blindness. There are two types of diabetes: long-duration, non-insulin dependent (type 2) and insulin-dependent (type 1). Type 1 seems to attract the most attention from Physicians and the media. Many of those that suffer from type 1 are children and young adults.

Dr. Friedman underlines some of the most common existing treatments for type 1 diabetes. Insulin is used to correct the imbalances in blood sugar and patients are required to reduce the amount of dietary protein they consume. This type of treatment focuses on slowing the possibility of developing kidney disease and retinopathy. For many diabetics, the time will come when their damaged kidneys are no longer sufficiently cleaning the blood and they must begin dialysis. When a diabetic reaches the ESRD stage, the likely option is

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