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The Rebellion of Victorianism

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The Rebellion Against Victorianism The 1890's was in time

for transformation for the English society. After Queen

Victoria died the heart of the Victorian culture seemed to

fade. England was beginning to experience economic

competition from other states and a gradual decline from its

former pinnacle of power. Politically, the Parliament

experienced some fundamental power shifts after the turn of

the century. This essay will address the climate of change in

the English culture and its expressions. The changes

occurred in two separate and distinct time periods. These

time periods are the turn of the century from 1890's to

World War II. The second period is WWII to 1970's. The

new century brought about an end to the old and stuffy

Victorian life-styles. The social stigmas of women and their

behavior was challenged and change by the rise of feminism

in 1910. Women began to protest against the system for

women 's suffrage. One instance these "violent women" ran

around in the city smashing store windows to get notoriety

for their cause. Books such as the Odd Women, featured a

fictional representation of "professional women". They were

classified in two categories, both an attack on the social

institution of marriage. The first of these new women were

out only for fun. The second was the concept of an asexual

being who did not need a man. These women owned their

own flats and had various jobs usually secretarial in nature..

The book expressed an uncomfortable period of

transformation. Working women were not completely

accepted by English society at this time. The book portrayed

different lives and how they coped with their situations.1 The

male character was also in a state of change. This change

brought about the term "new men". These new men were

classified by a "sexual anarchy". This movement was

predominantly a middle class, liberal expression. Many were

young male artisans who were homosexual . The word

homosexuality was created by an amendment to criminal law

which had declared all acts of sodomy as illegal. Previous to

this amendment the act of homosexuality was punishable by

hanging. Doctors and scientist had seen homosexuality as a

disease, thus the need developed for a "cure". Sexuality

became all inclusive. There was a large aesthetic movement

which was also inherent in this "new" culture. This movement

classified art as being done for art's sake. Art was now being

viewed as separate from society. This meant that art could

be a personal expression rather than a group think project.

These attributes coined the term the "Decadent Movement".

The England was experiencing tremendous growth in its

economy and political change during this time. However, this

growth was also shared by to other rival countries, Germany

and the United States. England had a fear of the massive

economic strength of the United States. England, at the turn

of the century, was no longer the international hegemon it

was a decade previous. This caused the English

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