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2,258 Essays on Philosophy. Documents 871 - 900

  • Hobbes and Locke

    Hobbes and Locke

    For the political theorists Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau there came a point in history where people, in order to have security in their persons and maintain a standard quality of life, entered into a social contract with one another and established the first sovereign states. For both theorists the period before the institution of a social contract, what they call the "state of nature", is important in understanding what form this first government took

    Essay Length: 2,652 Words / 11 Pages
    Submitted: January 13, 2010 By: Victor
  • Hobbes and Locke Outcome

    Hobbes and Locke Outcome

    Hobbes and Locke Outcome 2 . Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire, England in 1588 just prior to the Spanish Armada. Philosophy is defined by Hobbes as the reasoned knowledge of effects from causes, and causes from effects. Hobbes was educated in Oxford where he learnt about the great classics and also of Aristotle, however Hobbes disliked Aristotle's approach that democracy was the best form of government. Hobbes spent many a year on the continent

    Essay Length: 327 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: December 26, 2009 By: Mike
  • Hobbes and Rousseau

    Hobbes and Rousseau

    Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed. Despite their differences, Hobbes and Rousseau, both became two of the most influential political theorists in the world. Their ideas and philosophies spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments. These theorists all recognize that people develop a social contract within their

    Essay Length: 1,486 Words / 6 Pages
    Submitted: April 20, 2010 By: Bred
  • Hobbes Descartes and the Science of Man

    Hobbes Descartes and the Science of Man

    Hobbes, Descartes and the science of man In this paper I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man. The theories of Hobbes and the

    Essay Length: 1,406 Words / 6 Pages
    Submitted: November 26, 2009 By: Fatih
  • Hobbes on Moral Duties

    Hobbes on Moral Duties

    Some might claim that a social contract transforms our moral psychology so that we come to act from a sense of duty to others and not just selfishly. In this essay, I will express why Hobbes' theory that people always act from self-interest would not change people's moral psychology. Hobbes argues that being involved in a social contract does not transform our moral psychology, so that we act from a sense of duty, but rather

    Essay Length: 757 Words / 4 Pages
    Submitted: February 15, 2010 By: Fatih
  • Hobbes Vs Locke

    Hobbes Vs Locke

    * Discuss the relevant differences between Hobbes’ and Locke’s accounts of the state of nature, and examine in particular each author's different ideas of natural law and how each understands individual rights in the state of nature. Whose depiction of the state of nature do you find more plausible? The state of nature is an important feature of the idea of a social contract and on political theory as a whole. In social contract theory,

    Essay Length: 2,254 Words / 10 Pages
    Submitted: November 11, 2015 By: Malcolm Higenyi
  • Hobbes Vs. Rousseau

    Hobbes Vs. Rousseau

    For one to be a good citizen, there are certain expectations a person must follow to achieve this goal. While many people have their own ideas of what makes a good citizen, there is little consensus to exactly what this would be. Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in their books The Leviathan and The Social Contract, create a system of political governing where the citizen plays a certain role and has certain expectations to carry

    Essay Length: 2,287 Words / 10 Pages
    Submitted: February 9, 2010 By: Wendy
  • Hobbes Why Should I Accept Government

    Hobbes Why Should I Accept Government

    Hobbes can be understood as trying to answer the following two questions (i) Why should I (or we) accept law and government? (ii) What form of law and government should I (or we) accept? How does Hobbes answer these questions? Do you agree/disagree with Hobbes? (Provide reasons.) Why should I (or we) accept law and government? How does Hobbes answer these questions? Hobbes’s answer to the key question of “Why should I (or we) accept

    Essay Length: 2,458 Words / 10 Pages
    Submitted: April 22, 2010 By: Fatih
  • Hobbes; Leviathan

    Hobbes; Leviathan

    Hobbes; Leviathan Hobbes wrote the Leviathan and divided it into four different sections. For sake of brevity, I will only discuss the second book in, which Hobbes discusses the Commonwealth. He, like Rousseau, holds up the idea that the people of a society are better off by joining the social contract, which all humans are unintentionally apart of. In Book II, Hobbes asserts that there must be some form of leadership, which holds the people

    Essay Length: 333 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: March 1, 2010 By: Kevin
  • Hobbesian State of Nature

    Hobbesian State of Nature

    Thomas Hobbes attempted to justify the existence of a state by describing what life would be like without one in his book Leviathan. The central argument in the book describes the conditions that would exist in a state of nature—at a time where there would be no organized government or no laws to influence human behavior. Throughout the book Hobbes attempts to justify his claims about what a state of nature would be like with

    Essay Length: 1,345 Words / 6 Pages
    Submitted: May 10, 2010 By: regina
  • Hobbes’ Political Philosophy

    Hobbes’ Political Philosophy

    Hobbes argues that the state of nature is a state of perpetual war of all against all and consequently, the life of man in the state of nature "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short" (xiii, 9). In this paper I will explain Hobbes' arguments that support his claim to the state of nature. I will also assess these arguments and state that they are not valid and, therefore, not sound. I will then talk about

    Essay Length: 1,095 Words / 5 Pages
    Submitted: November 10, 2009 By: Max
  • Hobbe’s Law of Nature

    Hobbe’s Law of Nature

    Hobbes claims that we should be moral because of our best interest, which is to do everything we can to ensure our survival. The problem with this is that not everyone is feared of death, as Hobbes assumed. Hobbes' reply to that would be under normal circumstances, it is still our basic instinct to protect and ensure our survival. By definition of Hobbes, the State of Nature is a state where "everyman is in war

    Essay Length: 473 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: April 6, 2010 By: David
  • Homosexuality


    In our class, over the past three weeks, homosexuality and the question of its morality has been asked over and over again with the same three of for answers for why it is or is not moral. The main talking points against homosexual behavior have been first and foremost, the Bible, sanctity of marriage, procreation, and raising a stable family. In this argument, I plan to demonstrate why the ladder three examples are irrelevant, and

    Essay Length: 931 Words / 4 Pages
    Submitted: January 20, 2010 By: Edward
  • Homosexuality in the Middle Ages

    Homosexuality in the Middle Ages

    [Back to People With a History] Paul Halsall: The Experience of Homosexuality in the Middle Ages Preface The following is a paper written in 1988. I would change some, perhaps many of the conclusions, and certainly the theoretical approach. In particular I would emphasis the position of large aggregates of human beings [i.e. cities and monasteries] as a necessary but not sufficient pre-condition for homosexual sub-cultures. It should also be noted that this paper stands

    Essay Length: 4,723 Words / 19 Pages
    Submitted: March 13, 2010 By: Mike
  • Hospers: What Libertarianism Is?

    Hospers: What Libertarianism Is?

    Hospers: What Libertarianism Is? John Hospers writes on Libertarianism and defines his views on what he thinks of it and his opinions. First of all libertarianism is the doctrine that every person is the owner of his own life, and that no one is the owner of anyone else's life; and that consequently every human being has the right to act in accordance with his own choices, unless those actions infringe on the equal liberty

    Essay Length: 600 Words / 3 Pages
    Submitted: May 13, 2010 By: Bred
  • How Confucianism Relates to Penjing

    How Confucianism Relates to Penjing

    Confucianism is a philosophy that was created in China during a war. It was created to restore the country from disorder and suffering. Confucius had the idea that all people had a place in earth and that they all have a responsibility. His focus was that is doesn't matter if you are good or bad as long as you understand your place on earth and don't try to change that. He stressed this because when

    Essay Length: 318 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: December 29, 2009 By: Jack
  • How Does an Agent Reason About Lock's Options in a Single-Play Dilemma?

    How Does an Agent Reason About Lock's Options in a Single-Play Dilemma?

    1) How does an agent reason about Lock’s options in a single-play dilemma? In the state of nature, there are four preferences. The first preference is to attack and not be attacked. The second preference is to not attack and not be attacked. The third preference is to Attack and be attacked. The fourth preference is to not attack and be attacked. 2) Was Bramhall justified in calling Hobbes’ Leviathan a “rebel’s catechism”? Yes. According

    Essay Length: 499 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: March 28, 2010 By: Janna
  • How Does Art Change Your Perception of a Metaphysical Concept?

    How Does Art Change Your Perception of a Metaphysical Concept?

    Death is a metaphysical concept that is abstract and theoretical in composition, but doesn't embody a material form. From person to person, there are a vast array of interpretations of what death is and what it means to each individual. There is no single universal understanding of what death is, since it doesn't embody any physical characteristics. I am the kind of person whose opinions are very easily influenced. Whenever I read a book, listen

    Essay Length: 533 Words / 3 Pages
    Submitted: February 3, 2010 By: Andrew
  • How the Night Sky Was Explained (aboriginal, Egyptian, Babylonian)

    How the Night Sky Was Explained (aboriginal, Egyptian, Babylonian)

    Aboriginal The Aboriginal explanation of the night sky involved stories from the dream time to teach them about weather, location of types of food, and the behavioural codes of their kind. For though many stories could be passed down, the night sky was used as a record of past events. The Aboriginal people had depended upon a culture of song dance and ritual for about 40 thousand years, though the stars intrigued the Aboriginals as

    Essay Length: 669 Words / 3 Pages
    Submitted: February 22, 2010 By: Venidikt
  • How to Check to See If Someone Is Plagiarising

    How to Check to See If Someone Is Plagiarising

    All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Therefore, All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. All work and no

    Essay Length: 308 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: November 22, 2009 By: Mike
  • How to Mummify a Pharaoh

    How to Mummify a Pharaoh

    Page | 1. Direction words: Question 1: Identify Question 2: Use, to read, submit, note, do Question 3: State Question 4: Explain Question 5: Quote, identify, state Question 6: Describe, explain, give, to illustrate Question 7: Choose, copy out, state, state, state, write, express, provide Question 8: Choose, give, analyze, to do, to show Question 9: Find, give, write out, identify Question 10: Repeat Question 11: Write out, give, explain Question 12: Find, give, write

    Essay Length: 3,664 Words / 15 Pages
    Submitted: November 23, 2015 By: rodicelul
  • How to Prepare a Healthy Breakfast

    How to Prepare a Healthy Breakfast

    How to Prepare a Healthy Breakfast It has been said a numerous amount of times that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. After a long period of time when you are sleeping (which is on average a good 10 to 12 hours) your body starts to slow down. When you wake up in the morning your body is still in the state of “fasting.” Breakfast is the meal that breaks the overnight

    Essay Length: 972 Words / 4 Pages
    Submitted: January 10, 2010 By: Kevin
  • How to Pursuit Life

    How to Pursuit Life

    How to Pursuit Life "Philosophical thought attributes importance to an intermediary or mediating spirit when it comes to transcending ordinary human consciousness. Socrates refers to his daimonion when he testifies in the Apology. Aristotle incorporates a similar guide to his idea of eudaimonia/the good life. Finally, the stoics, Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius both speak of a ruling principle or hegemonikon as responsible for guidance in the soul." The "Apology" contain three speeches: defense, penalty, and

    Essay Length: 357 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: January 2, 2010 By: Edward
  • Hsun Tzu

    Hsun Tzu

    Wendy Swartz The Nature of Evil Hsun Tzu's philosophy is built from the idea that human beings are by nature inherently evil, and the good they produce will only come through their conscious activity. Hsun Tzu believes that if man follows his nature and indulges in his natural desires, without transforming himself by conscious activity he is doomed to fall victim to his evil nature. "Any man who follows his nature will inevitably become involved

    Essay Length: 445 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: November 20, 2009 By: Anna
  • Hugo Grotius

    Hugo Grotius

    "The law of nature can be observed by everyone and they inform us how we should live and the limit of our actions."(Grotius, Hugo) Hugo Grotius born in 1583 was the first Dutch humanist of his day to develop an international perspective on human rights. In one of Grotius writings, The Law of War and Peace, he argues that even though some may say that God does not exist, we as human beings are still

    Essay Length: 491 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: December 11, 2009 By: Jessica
  • Human Condition

    Human Condition

    Human self-awareness leads us to recognize three core paradoxes or absurd features of the human condition: * The human imagination has no physical boundaries, but our bodies do. In our minds, we can instantly travel to the ends of the universe, the center of the earth, even the center of the sun. We can use our mental microscope to visualize germs, viruses, atoms, quarks. As soon as we detect something with any instrument, we can

    Essay Length: 441 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: November 18, 2009 By: Max
  • Human History - Disobidience

    Human History - Disobidience

    "Human history began with an act of disobedience, and it is not unlikely that it will be terminated by an act of obedience." In the article by Erich Fromm "Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem" the author discusses the positive and negative aspects of obedience and disobedience. This article was comprised in the early nineteen sixties when the Cuban missile crisis was still fresh on Americas minds According to Hebrew myth Adam and Eve

    Essay Length: 391 Words / 2 Pages
    Submitted: December 17, 2009 By: Anna
  • Human Nature

    Human Nature

    Our life is full of problems. Reasoning is a usual way to response to problems which we concern about. We reason in response to everyday problems. For instance, asked by friends to go out dinner at a time when we have planned something else, we must decide which one is more important for us at that moment of time, and whether to decline or to adjust our schedule. Reasoning appropriate to problems like this has

    Essay Length: 8,539 Words / 35 Pages
    Submitted: January 9, 2009 By: July
  • Human Nature

    Human Nature

    Human nature is the egotistical behaviours that drive the human race to be creative and inquisitive. Although some philosophers may disagree with the validity of this statement, others such as Aristotle, John Stuart Mill and Thomas Hobbes would believe it to be true. After examining the beliefs of these philosophers and using real-life examples to rebut the beliefs of those who disagree, man's true nature of curiousity, creativity and selfishness is clearly evident. Once inspecting

    Essay Length: 965 Words / 4 Pages
    Submitted: November 10, 2009 By: Top
  • Human Nature

    Human Nature

    For years Psychologists and Sociologists have debated on whether people are essentially good or bad. Also it is questioned if a person is dictated good or bad from birth or if it is influences form society and the people around them that can make a good person bad or a bad person good. I believe that a person is by nature good when they are born, but can turn bad because of the environment that

    Essay Length: 798 Words / 4 Pages
    Submitted: November 12, 2009 By: Mike
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